To report the long-term results of external-beam accelerated partial-breast irradiation (APBI) intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) Florence phase III trial comparing whole-breast irradiation (WBI) to APBI in early-stage breast cancer.

The primary end point was to determine the 5-year difference in ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) between 30 Gy in 5 once-daily fractions (APBI arm) and 50 Gy in 25 fractions with a tumor bed boost (WBI arm) after breast-conserving surgery.

Five hundred twenty patients, more than 90% of whom had characteristics associated with low recurrence risk, were randomly assigned (WBI, n = 260; APBI, n = 260) between 2005 and 2013. Median follow-up was 10.7 years. The 10-year cumulative incidence of IBTR was 2.5% (n = 6) in the WBI and 3.7% (n = 9) in the APBI arm (hazard ratio [HR], 1.56; 95% CI, 0.55 to 4.37; P = .40). Overall survival at 10 years was 91.9% in both arms (HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.50 to 1.79; P = .86). Breast cancer–specific survival at 10 years was 96.7% in the WBI and 97.8% in the APBI arm (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.21 to 1.99; P = .45). The APBI arm showed significantly less acute toxicity (P = .0001) and late toxicity (P = .0001) and improved cosmetic outcome as evaluated by both physician (P = .0001) and patient (P = .0001).

The 10-year cumulative IBTR incidence in early breast cancer treated with external APBI using IMRT technique in 5 once-daily fractions is low and not different from that after WBI. Acute and late treatment-related toxicity and cosmesis outcomes were significantly in favor of APBI.

© 2020 by American Society of Clinical Oncology
CLINICAL TRIAL INFORMATION

NCT02104895

See accompanying editorial on page 4135

ARTICLE CITATION

DOI: 10.1200/JCO.20.00650 Journal of Clinical Oncology 38, no. 35 (December 10, 2020) 4175-4183.

Published online August 24, 2020.

PMID: 32840419

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